Types of Walls: 20 Exterior and Interior Walls for Indian Buildings

Types of Walls in the dynamic world of architectural design are the essential elements that shape the character and functionality of spaces. In this blog, we’ll embark on a journey through the diverse and captivating realm of exterior and interior walls. From the enduring charm of brick facades to the sleek minimalism of glass partitions, we’ll unravel the stories, features, and aesthetic nuances that each type of wall brings to the built environment. Whether you’re a homeowner seeking inspiration or a design enthusiast fascinated by the artistry of construction, join us as we uncover the secrets and beauty behind the walls that define our spaces.

10 Types of Exterior Walls

Exterior walls play a crucial role in shaping the identity and resilience of buildings. In a diverse country, like India, with varying climates, these walls serve as the first line of defence. Traditional choices, such as red brick or stone cladding, not only provide durability but also contribute to the rich architectural heritage. Modern materials like glass facades and concrete panels add a contemporary touch, balancing aesthetics with functionality. Whether reflecting regional styles, utilising eco-friendly options, or embracing innovative designs, exterior walls in Indian buildings harmonise tradition and progress, creating structures that withstand the test of time while making a visual statement. Let’s go through some types of exterior walls.

1. Brick Walls

Types of Walls
Project By: Wallmakers

Constructed from fired clay bricks, these walls are timeless and weather-resistant. Bricks provide durability and a classic appearance, making them a popular choice for both residential and commercial buildings. They offer excellent thermal mass, helping regulate indoor temperatures. Brick walls stand as iconic elements in Indian buildings, embodying a perfect blend of tradition and practicality.

2. Wooden Wall

Project By: y0 Design Architect

In wooden cladding, thin layers or panels of wood are applied to the exterior of a building, creating a visually pleasing and textured surface that adds insulation and weather resistance. Wooden cladding is widely used in various Indian architectural styles, seamlessly merging modern design with traditional elements. However, it requires regular maintenance, including painting or staining, to prevent decay and weathering.

3. Stone Walls

Types of Walls
Project By: Urbane ivy

Stone cladding is a prevalent architectural practice in India, incorporating thin layers, tiles, or veneers of natural stone onto a building’s exterior. Stone cladding is versatile, offering a range of textures and colours that complement the diverse architectural styles prevalent in India. Beyond aesthetics, it provides durability and weather resistance, making it suitable for the country’s diverse climates.

4. Concrete Walls

Types of Walls
Project By: Tropical Tones

Concrete walls constitute concrete panels that are precast or prefabricated elements made from a mix of cement, aggregates, and reinforcements. In Indian construction, these panels can be used for exterior cladding and even in the construction of entire buildings. The precast nature of these panels accelerates construction timelines and ensures consistent quality. Concrete panels contribute to the modern aesthetic of Indian structures, combining durability with a sleek finish.

5. Stucco Walls

Project By: Oris Architects

Stucco is a versatile and decorative plaster finish applied to walls and ceilings, commonly used in Indian buildings. Comprising a mixture of cement, sand, and lime, stucco offers a smooth and textured appearance, providing a visually appealing and durable finish. Beyond aesthetics, stucco also serves as a protective layer, offering resistance to weathering and contributing to the longevity of structures. This versatile material is widely embraced in Indian construction, adding charm and character to diverse architectural styles.

6. Terracotta Walls

Types of Walls
Project By: Aakar Group of Consultancy

Terracotta walls, crafted from baked clay, embody a rich aesthetic and cultural heritage in Indian construction. These walls showcase the natural colour and texture of the earth, contributing to warm and inviting interiors. Terracotta’s thermal properties provide insulation and maintain comfortable indoor temperatures. Whether employed as bricks or tiles, terracotta remains a sustainable choice.

7. Bamboo Mat Walls

Project By: The Collective Praxis

Utilising bamboo as a building material aligns with eco-friendly principles, given its rapid growth and renewability. In India, bamboo walls have a unique aesthetic characterised by natural textures and earthy tones. Beyond its visual appeal, bamboo provides excellent strength and flexibility, making it resilient in various weather conditions.

8. Metal Walls

Types of Walls
Project By: SferaBlu Architects

Metal walls in Indian architecture introduce a modern and industrial aesthetic while offering durability and functionality. Comprising materials such as steel or aluminium, these walls are known for their strength and resistance to weathering. Commonly used in contemporary designs, metal walls can be part of the building’s structure or as cladding. In India, metal walls contribute to a sleek urban look and are often chosen for their low maintenance and ability to withstand diverse climatic conditions.

9. Glass Curtain Walls

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Glass curtain walls are made of large glass panels. These walls maximise natural light, offer expansive views, and contribute to energy efficiency. In Indian cities, glass curtain walls are prevalent in commercial complexes, corporate offices, and modern residential buildings. While enhancing aesthetics, glass curtain walls also symbolise a commitment to modernity and sustainability, fostering a connection between interior spaces and the surrounding environment.

10. Rammed Earth Walls

Types of Walls
Project By: betweenlines

Rammed earth walls exemplify sustainable and traditional building techniques in Indian architecture. Created by compacting natural materials like earth, clay, sand, and gravel, these walls provide a unique blend of aesthetics, thermal efficiency, and eco-friendliness. Rammed earth walls are well-suited for the diverse climates of India, offering natural insulation to maintain comfortable indoor temperatures.

10 Types of Interior Walls

Interior walls are the silent storytellers within the spaces we inhabit, quietly shaping the ambiance and functionality of our surroundings. Beyond their practical function of delineating rooms, these walls become canvases for artistic expression and design innovation. From the elegance of plaster to the modern simplicity of glass partitions, each type of interior wall contributes to the character of a space. Let’s go through certain types of interior walls.

1. Plaster Walls

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Traditional plaster walls involve applying a mixture of plaster, sand, and water to a lath or solid substrate. Plaster offers a smooth and durable surface, allowing for various decorative finishes. While less common in contemporary construction, plaster walls contribute to a timeless and elegant interior. Whether left in their natural state, painted, or adorned with decorative finishes, plaster walls are adaptable to diverse styles.

2. Brick Accent Walls

Types of Walls
Project By: Abhay Pise & Associates

An interior brick accent wall is a distinctive and popular design choice that brings rustic charm and warmth to a space. Created by exposing or using bricks as a decorative element, this wall adds character and texture to interiors, combining an industrial aesthetic with a timeless appeal. In Indian homes, interior brick accent walls are often incorporated in living rooms, bedrooms, or kitchens to create a focal point.

3. Cork Walls

Project By: Pablo Muñoz Payá Arquitectos

Cork walls are an eco-friendly and innovative interior design choice, gaining popularity in Indian homes. Made from the bark of cork oak trees, these walls are known for their sound-absorbing properties, making them an excellent choice for creating quiet and comfortable spaces, particularly in bedrooms, home offices, or study areas. The material is sustainable, as harvesting cork does not harm the trees, promoting environmental consciousness in Indian homes.

4. Adobe or Mud Walls

Types of Walls
Project By: Tina Kedia Architects

Adobe walls, made from a mixture of clay, sand, straw, and sometimes small stones, represent a traditional and sustainable building technique. In India, adobe walls are associated with vernacular architecture and are often used in rural or traditional settings. These walls are sun-dried or fired to form adobe bricks, creating a natural and earthy aesthetic. Adobe walls provide excellent thermal mass, helping to regulate indoor temperatures in diverse climates.

5. Cavity Walls

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Cavity walls, prevalent in Indian construction, consist of two parallel walls with a gap between them. This design enhances thermal insulation, mitigates moisture issues, and provides structural stability in diverse climates. Offering a balance of functionality and aesthetics, cavity walls stand as a practical choice, showcasing their adaptability to India’s varying environmental conditions and contributing to the efficiency and durability of buildings.

6. Decorative Wallpapers

Types of Walls
Project By: Krsnaa Mehta

Wallpapers serve as dynamic design elements in Indian interiors, offering a diverse range of patterns, textures, and colours. Widely utilized in both residential and commercial spaces, wallpapers provide an efficient means of transforming plain walls into vibrant, personalized expressions of style. In India, you’ll find wallpapers inspired by traditional motifs, contemporary designs, and global trends.

7. Wall Tiles

Project By: go Beyondwalls

Wall tiles are a fundamental element in Indian interior design, serving both functional and aesthetic purposes. These tiles, made from materials like ceramic, porcelain, or glass, are commonly used in kitchens, bathrooms, and other areas of the home. In India, wall tiles come in a wide range of designs, colours, and textures. Beyond their decorative appeal, wall tiles are valued for their durability, ease of maintenance, and moisture resistance.

8. Wooden Panel Walls

Types of Walls
Project By: I – Con Architects and Urban Planners

Wooden panels come in various styles, such as shiplap, beadboard, or tongue-and-groove, offering a classic and warm aesthetic. Wood panelling can be used to create an accent wall, wainscote, or cover the entire surface, providing a versatile and timeless design element. Commonly used in living rooms, bedrooms, or dining areas, wooden panel walls add depth and texture, creating a visually rich atmosphere. They are adaptable to different design styles, from traditional to contemporary.

9. Partition Walls

Project By: Deora Associates

Partition walls are essential in Indian interiors, offering flexible solutions to divide spaces and enhance functionality. Commonly constructed from materials like gypsum board, glass, or wood, these walls help create distinct zones within a room without sacrificing an open feel. In offices, homes, and commercial spaces, partition walls accommodate changing needs, providing privacy, sound insulation, and visual separation.

10. Drywall or Gypsum Board Walls

Types of Walls
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Drywall, also known as gypsum board, is a standard interior wall material due to its ease of installation and versatility. It consists of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper layers, providing a smooth surface for painting or wallpaper. Widely used in residential and commercial spaces, drywall allows for quick and cost-effective construction. They are also known for their fire-resistant and soundproofing qualities, which contribute to safer and more comfortable living.


The types of walls available for construction and interior design underscore the rich tapestry of choices within the world of architecture. From traditional brick and stone walls echoing evergreen heritage to contemporary innovations such as glass curtain walls defining modern aesthetics, all types of walls serve a distinct purpose. The versatility of materials, structures, and designs not only addresses functional requirements but also allows for a harmonious integration of cultural influences and sustainability. In the evolving landscape of construction, the types of walls serve as the foundational elements, reflecting the fusion of tradition, innovation, and the changing needs of our built environments.

Content Writing And Research By: Ar. Ishita Jindal

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