search
  • How Does Water Treatment Work?

    The water you drink from your kitchen tap may have generated from any of the water sources. The quality of water may vary from one community to another. And so will the treatment process. Water from the rivers, lakes, and streams will require more water treatment procedures compared to groundwater. That is because surface water contains a lot more solids and pollutants than groundwater. If you are considering treating your water, you need to look at the iron filter for well water.

    In other water sources, you may find inorganic chemicals, by-products, organic particles, and other disinfectants in water sources. Therefore, when getting rid of these impurities, specialized treatment methods are employed.

    Despite the many water treatments available, read on to understand the most common water treatment process and how it works.

    Water Source

    At the water source is where the process begins. It can be a stream, a river, or a freshwater lake. At this point, water has contaminants, pollutants, dissolved solids, and other impurities. Therefore, the first step is to remove these contaminants.

    Coagulation and Flocculation

    First, coagulants – a chemical with a positive charge are added into the water at the source. The positive charges neutralize the negative charge of these dissolved solids and grime. During this process, the particles join with both charges to build floc (a large particle). The process happens in a flocculation basin. The large particles then settle in a sedimentation basin allowing water to flow to the next stage. Although large particles are out of the water, small particles, germs, and chemicals are still present.

    Sedimentation

    Sedimentation is the second phase of water treatment. At the sedimentation basin, large particles settle, hence the name sedimentation.

    Filtration

    The third phase is an intense process. Now that large particles are no more, the water with small particles and bacteria passes through three filters. It passes through sand, gravel, and charcoal. In this process, dissolved solids such as dirt, bacteria, viruses, parasites, and chemicals are removed through the filters. As the name suggests, a sand filter contains fine sand that filters water. Through the sand filter, the quality of water clarity is improved. The sand filters are designed so the water flowing can exit from the bottom and flow in at the top or vice versa.

    Although that is the case, each type of flow has its pros and cons. Nevertheless, the most common sand filter allows water to flow in at the bottom and flow out at the top for efficiency purposes. Water passing through the gravel, sand, and charcoal will have low turbidity around 3 NTU or less. Now the water’s clarity is good, but bacteria is still present.

    How Much Bacteria in water Is Dangerous to People?

    In 1892, an Escherichia coli outbreak tore through Hamburg. The epidemic originated from the Elbe River. The water was untreated and used by locals. Robert Koch analysed a sample from the river and found an alarming number of bacteria colonies present. To prevent disaster striking again, Koch recommended the CFU to kept less than 100/100ml. The figure is still in use today. See how an alternative water treatment technology Merus talks about CFU and Legionella.

    Disinfection

    Disinfection is the last phase of this process. In this step, one can add chlorine-based compounds to remove microorganisms, bacteria, germs, viruses, and parasites. Alternatively, UV lights or Use of Ozone can be applied.

    Importance of Using Chlorine in Your Water

    Once chlorine is added to water, the remaining chlorine present in water is less concentrated. Chlorine acts as a barrier between germs and water. It also reacts to any organic agent available in the water.

    The reaction between chlorine-based compounds and organic agents can generate carcinogens and other harmful chemicals. Also, it protects water all through the distribution process.

    Chlorine is a powerful chemical compound that kills germs, causing diseases. Additionally, chlorine remains even after disinfection to protect water from pathogens in the pipes. Although that is the case, chlorine levels are regulated, and every water point has a chlorine level allowed to flow into households.

    Other methods to disinfect water can be the use of Ozone or ultraviolet radiation. In UV light, the light shines upon the water in the process, destroying bacteria present. It does not necessarily kill the bacteria, but it makes them harmless by fighting the DNA responsible for multiplication and disease-causing germs.

    The only drawback in this process is, once the water leaves the treatment plant to the households, bacteria in contact with the water will get ingested and cause diseases. There is no protection past the treatment plant. Maybe, that is why it is not commonly used in drinking water treatment plants.

    After filtration and disinfection are complete, water is now ready to be distributed to different households. Water entering your home is pressurized to a 40psi. A 40 psi is maintained to ensure water flowing to the houses is on a continuous flow even at elevated points. If otherwise, the water below 40 psi will flow back, resulting in contact with the infection.

    Kitchen Island With Seating: 15 Design Ideas for Indian Interiors

    Kitchen island with seating truly serve as a family anchor in the home. They are more than just practical fixtures; the kitchen island with seating is the cornerstone of the family’s structure, fostering connection and unity. Its layout allows multiple people to move around the kitchen island with seating easily while working, enhancing spatial comfort […]

    Read More

    Looking to buy an air conditioner for your home? Here’s our recommendation!

    Summer, high temperatures, dry winds… With these ingredients, it’s getting harder and harder to maintain comfort at home. How to refresh the environment? There are some recommended practices but on the hottest days more is needed. And the best ally is the air conditioner. The question that usually arises is how to choose the device […]

    Read More

    20 Summer Design Ideas for a Breezy and Bright Home

    As the summer sun beckons, it’s time to infuse your home with these fresh summer design ideas. These summer design tips will guide you through designing and decorating your home. Let’s devolve into these summer design tip ideas. 1. Enhancing Your Outdoor Patio Transform your outdoor space with summer design ideas where relaxation meets style. […]

    Read More

    Customize Your Storage: 15 Wardrobe Designs for Bedroom Spaces

    Wardrobes are an essential part of bedroom furniture, offering both functionality and style. In Indian homes, wardrobes need to cater to diverse needs, from storing traditional attire to maximizing space in compact rooms. When considering wardrobe design for bedroom spaces, it’s important to balance practicality with aesthetic appeal. This blog explores 15 wardrobe designs for […]

    Read More

    20 Kitchen Floor Ideas: Guide to Stunning Flooring Options

    Choosing from various kitchen floor ideas is a crucial decision that impacts both the functionality and aesthetics of the space. With various kitchen floor ideas options available, each material offers unique benefits and characteristics. From the timeless elegance of hardwood and the budget-friendly versatility of vinyl, to the durable practicality of ceramic tiles, understanding the […]

    Read More

    20 Kitchen Cabinets Design Style: Design Your Dream Kitchen

    Kitchen cabinets design are the hidden heroes of interior spaces, orchestrating a symphony of function and form. These adaptable pieces go beyond their practical foundations,. It becomes the canvas on which designers can sculpt the very spirit of a room. From the slick minimalism of a contemporary home to the warm, rustic appeal of a […]

    Read More

    Quartz Stone For Kitchen: 20 Expert Tips to Transform Your Cooking

    Quartz stone has rapidly become a favored material for kitchen countertops and surfaces due to its durability, aesthetic versatility, and low maintenance requirements. This engineered stone combines the best qualities of natural stone and modern technology, providing homeowners with a surface that’s both beautiful and practical. Whether you are designing a sleek, modern kitchen or […]

    Read More

    Luxury Bedroom Interior Design: 15 Ways To Craft A Sanctuary

    Being intimate spaces, luxury bedroom interior design requires an architectural language that incorporates a client’s personal touch which then defines the essence of the space. The bedroom is a client’s canvas of warmth and creativity, where every hue speaks of passion and innovation. Quintessentially, bay windows in a luxury bedroom interior speak of grandeur and […]

    Read More

    Living Room Storage Ideas: 20 Space-Enhancing Designs

    Living room storage ideas will allow one to create a clutter-free space in the house. As we see, the first space that one encounters in any home is the living room. Hence, living room storage ideas will highly matter in designing a home. To have a clean and inviting space, one needs to plan it […]

    Read More

    20 POP Design for Kitchen That Will Add Ambience

    POP design for kitchen gives an aesthetic appeal that can enhance the space visually adding elegance and sophistication to the kitchen. It also offers design flexibility, allowing for various shapes, patterns, and textures, catering to different design preferences with versatility. POP design for the kitchen also allows us to have the opportunity to have concealed […]

    Read More
  • 6 Benefits Of Using Heavy Equipment For Your Home Renovation Project

    5 Top Electrical Mistakes To Avoid